[This is a translation from Hungarian into (pidgin) English of the Kemeny Memorial article. The article was published in the newspaper "Nepszabadsag" (Liberty of the People), which is the most popular newspaper in Hungary].

He would be 75 years old today, John Kemeny. He, who made a computer language, BASIC, which is the most successful one till now, who was a world famous mathematician, he was born in the downtown of Budapest, in that region, from where a lot of other world famous scientists begun their life. He went to school for first degrees in school of Mr Rac. He was a pupil in the secondary school Berzsenyi. He had a very good teacher of mathematics, Arpad B=F6lcshazy, who made him interested in mathematics. He did not finished his school. The Kemeny family ran away from nazism and they emigrated to USA. He begun to learn English only after he was 13 years old, but he became the best student of his school in New York. After high school he became a student at the famous Princeton University. He was an army soldier in 1945 in Los Alamos. He took part in the Manhattan Project in the group of the later Nobel laureate Feynman. After the army he finished his university study and made his PhD in mathematical logic at the same University. He became a member of Einstein's team at age 22. Dartmouth College called him to organize a mathematical chair, which was in a short time very well known countrywide [USA]. He taught new disciplines for the first degrees in College, and told them to take part in mathematical research during college years. In the year 1957/58 as a lecturer of the American Mathematical Association he taught his method in 40 universities or colleges. John von Neumann saw clearly the big power of computers in arithmetical computation. Kemeny saw that it has to be used by everybody. Kemeny tried to made it possible. First of all he made a computer center at Dartmouth using sponsorship of General Electric, and made the first practical shared computer system. It was a revolutionary new information system, which worked until 1984. At the end it had 11,000 terminals. It was followed by other information systems in the American universities. He saw that the computer will be available to everybody only when it will have a very simple programming language. So he and T. Kurtz made the BASIC language, which became the most widely used programming language. (Bill Gates became so rich, making among others Microsoft version of BASIC) The first conference on artificial intelligence was organized in Dartmouth in 1956, and Kemeny wrote the first vision about electronic library in 1962. His vision of the information society was published in his book "Man and the Computer" in 1972. Dartmouth College had big finance and organizational problems in 1970. Kemeny became the 13th president and he worked as president 11 years. He organized the education for women, the summer trimesters, and teaching for American Indians. Kemeny was in love with teaching. He was a brilliant teacher. He had a special feeling what was not clear for students, and made it clear for everybody. When he became the president of the college he was told that he would not be teaching any more. But he answered, "If I have a hobby, you would let me do it two times a week. Teaching is my hobby so let me teach." He worked as a mathematician his whole life, mainly in the field of probability. He worked out new theories of "Markov - chains" and their usage together with J. L. Snell. He was a mathematical consultant of the RAND Corporation, which is a research institution of the American Air Force, in the field of military application of the game theory. President Carter named Kemeny the leader of the Presidential Commission studying "Three Mile Island" accident, which was the first big accident at atomic power stations. He was shocked by the results. He was an optimist, so he wrote, there are solution for this problem, as there are solutions for the other problems of the society, too. He argued a lot for the security of atomic power stations. His very successful life ended with a heart attack at Christmas in 1992. He, the scientist famous this time not only abroad, but in our country, too. He knew what is important, and what isn't. In the last public speech, he told: The whole of mankind are your brothers and sisters. Akos Robert HERMAN, PhD Former Director General National Technical Information Centre and Library Budapest, Hungary